RPS 1000 Fully Automated System

RPS 1000 – The Original Robotic Parking System

The Robotic Parking System is a fully integrated automated vehicle parking system capable of receiving, parking and retrieving passenger vehicles automatically. All parking operations (including vehicle lifting, transfer, distribution and storage) are performed by multiple independent machines directed by computer programs that execute procedures with no human intervention. Operation of the system is monitored from a control room.

Our top-of-the-line RPS 1000 robotic system can accommodate from 200 to over 5000 parking spaces using half the space of a ramp-style parking garage. Its certified high-speed throughput and fast retrieval times guarantee a safe and satisfying user experience. This flexible, modular Robotic Parking System can be built above ground, underground, inside a building, on top of a building or under a building. Lot sizes can be as small as 60 ft. x 60 ft. minimum. The height (or depth) can be up to 130 ft. One example of an ideal footprint is 100 ft. x 200 ft. by 48 ft. — 60 ft. high. However, we can customize the RPS 1000 system to fit any area that meets our 60 ft. minimum. The system can be built to a maximum of 15 levels.

In the early 90’s, the company coined the term “robotic parking” to describe this new parking technology and adopted that name for the company. Decades later the term “robotic parking” is now being used industry-wide in the world to represent any automated parking system.

The Robotic Parking System offers:

  • Better space utilization – more parking spaces within the same volume of garage.
  • Certified highest throughput and fastest retrieval of multiple cars in the industry.
  • True redundancy and reliability to ensure cars can always be stored and retrieved.
  • Proven in multiple facilities over more than 20 years.
  • Manufactured in the USA using the highest quality electromechanical components.
  • Accommodates wide sedans and large SUV’s such as Porsche, Escalade, Range Rover, Tahoe and more. Handles vehicles up to 3 tons.
  • Installed complete with cameras, CCTV, kiosks, large LCD screens for guidance and instruction, computers, software and more.
  • Integration with emerging technologies such as autonomous cars.

RPS 1000 Machines

There are a number of machine components in an RPS-1000 automated vehicle parking system. Following is an abbreviation and a brief description of each machine.

Entry / Exit Terminal (EES or Terminal):
The interchangeable Entry / Exit Terminal can be located on any accessible level and is the point for cars to enter or be retrieved. A highly sensitive, invisible frame of laser beams inside the EES measures the position of a car, height of the car to be parked, etc. For user safety, any slight motion after the car is parked in the EES is monitored by motion sensors. Storage will not proceed until the user exits the EES and no further motion is detected.

The pallet is a steel platform with grooves that is located in the Terminal. The vehicle is driven onto the pallet and positioned for storage. The grooves help to quickly position the car and speed up parking and throughput. The car remains on the pallet at all times – no machinery ever touches a vehicle. Additionally, the Pallet will capture any debris or runoff (oil, salt, melting snow, water, etc.) from the car. Read more about the benefits of pallets.

Pallet Shuttle (PS):
The function of the Pallet Shuttle is to feed the EES a new pallet after a car with its pallet leaves the EES to be stored in the garage. This machine also removes the pallet from the EES when a car exits.

Carrier with Turntable (LCM or Lower Carrier Module):
The machines on Floor 1 (entry level) that move along the length of the aisle and transport cars on pallets for exchange with Entry / Exit Stations, Vertical Lift Carriers and storage slots at entry level. This Lower Carrier Module has a turntable to rotate the car by 180 degrees so that it will be facing forward when the customer is ready to exit the garage.

Carrier without Turntable (UCM or Upper Carrier Module):
The basic function of the UCM is to transport a pallet with a car from the Vertical Lift Conveyor to an empty parking slot on its level. When retrieving a car, the UCM takes the pallet and car from the parking slot and puts it back into the VLC at its respective level. This machine Is installed only in storage levels.

Rack Entry Module (REM):
This machine is an integral part of the LCM and UCM machines. Each LCM or UCM has a REM to perform the function of storing and retrieving cars into a particular slot.

Lift Conveyor for Car (VLC or Vertical Lift Conveyor):
This machine acts as the elevator for the pallet and car. It transfers them vertically from one level to another level. The VLC exchanges the pallet and car with UCM or LCM machines.

Lift Conveyor for Pallet (PVL or Pallet Vertical Lift):
Located directly above the Pallet Stacker, the Pallet Vertical Lift exchanges bundles of pallets with a UCM on an upper floor, and with the Pallet Stacker on the EES level.

Pallet Stacker (PST):
The Pallet Stacker holds a stack of pallets. It exchanges a single pallet with the Pallet Shuttle and exchanges a bundle of pallets with the Pallet Vertical Lift.

The RPS-1000 machines work together in concert to simultaneously deliver multiple x, y, z motions. This creates a high peak traffic capacity with maximum average retrieval times of 180-220 seconds.

This automated vehicle parking system can accept cars up to a maximum of 3 tons. Vehicles up to a length of 5.78 meters (19 feet) and a width of 2.23 meters (7 feet 4 inches) are allowed. The RPS 1000 can accommodate any height of the cars as needed though the standard height we offer for SUV’s are 2.1 meters (81 inches) and for sedans 1.6 meters (61 inches).

These machines for handling cars and pallets are separate and work independently. The Pallet management system comprised of Pallet Shuttles, Pallet Stackers and Pallet Vertical Lift efficiently feed and retrieve pallets based on the peak traffic needs.

Multiple levels of software controls are used to automate this system. The Level-1 machine control system is responsible for turning on motors and receiving / interpreting signals from the sensing devices located on each piece of parking equipment. The Level-2 garage manager system is responsible for issuing instructions to the machinery and for managing data such as mission logs, occupancy levels and user information. The human machine interface (HMI) with its myriad forms of diagnostics allows operators and maintenance technicians to interface with the machinery in automatic, semi-automatic and manual modes.

Planning Guide and Sample Layouts

A Planning Guide and AutoCAD sample layout drawings help plan how the RPS 1000 automated vehicle parking system can create space for your project.

Click here for examples.

Technical Specifications

Car Specifications:

  • Length: maximum 19 feet (5.8 meters)
  • Width: maximum 7 feet 4 inches (2.23 meters)
  • Height: 5 feet to 6 feet 9 inches (2.1m) for SUV’s, larger heights can be accommodated upon request
  • Car Weight: maximum 6,600 lbs. (3.0 Tons)
  • Suitable for all sedans, SUVs, minivans and trucks within the dimensional range above.
  • Custom solutions can be designed based on request.

Terminal (Entry / Exit Terminal):

  • Swappable entry / exit on the fly based on live traffic.
  • Spacious 4 feet (1.2 meters) wide platform on the left and right for patrons to exit the Terminal.
  • ADA compliant Terminals can be provided as an option.
  • Two high resolution cameras are installed to take pictures before storage and after the car is retrieved.
  • Additional camera to record activity on the driveway for patron safety.
  • Multiple scanners and laser sensor driver guidance system with a 42-inch display screen and an additional convex mirror. Terminals are equipped with safety sensors (to measure car boundaries), load cells (to measure car weight), motion detection devices (for safety), and guidance systems (for easily positioning the car on the pallet).
  • Additionally, an emergency STOP button is located inside the Terminal and on the kiosk.
  • Heartbeat detectors upon request

Transportation System Type: Steel Pallets:

  • Steel pallets as a design feature ensure one of the highest standards of product liability protection for automated parking facilities. No machinery ever touches the car.
  • Pallets prevent the dripping of any oil, acids, air-conditioning condensation, salt water, snow, ice, and sand onto cars from the parking system machinery or the cars stored inside the facility.
  • Pallet Cleaning system can be provided as an option for regions with snow.

Garage Access Systems:

  • Kiosks installed outside the Terminals allow users to initiate storage.
  • Kiosks in the lobbies allow users to receive their cars and are equipped with contactless RFID cards, fobs, or an NFC (Near Field Communication) app.
  • Custom-built phone apps are available and can be used to trigger the storage and retrieval process. The system can also be integrated with various payment options using either credit card or online transactions.
  • Automated parking systems are intended to have a lobby that is equipped with user interface systems.

Transportation Machinery Specifications:

  • Machine construction: steel frames
  • In-house engineering and manufacturing. All machines are made in the USA.
  • Machine mechanics: electromechanical only (NO hydraulic or pneumatics).
  • Electrical drive: servo motor-based system.
  • Electrical power: 3 Ph 400/480, 1 Ph: 220-240, 50 Hz/60 Hz. Support multiple voltages based on country specifics.
  • Mechanical gearboxes: cycloidal gearbox (less wear and contactless gears for less maintenance and longer life). Helical bevel in lifting devices
  • Programmable logical controller: General Electric PLC architecture with ladder logic.
  • Machine working temperature: -20 Deg C to +60 Deg C (ambient garage temperature)
  • Humidity up to 90%.
  • Noise level on working machines measured in close proximity: less than 70 dB(a).
  • Machine panels are NEMA 4/ IP-65 class protection.
  • All machine parts are sourced from the USA, Europe and Japan.

Software and Hardware:

  • In-house software development under Cimplicity® / Tracker platform. This is a high-level software and communication system that is built to perform multiple movements on the X, Y, and Z axes simultaneously with real time graphical interface.
  • In-house software development for GE PLC ladder logic, garage machine communication systems and garage access systems.
  • The software offers sophisticated routing algorithms to increase peak traffic and diagnostics with pre-warning features to avoid down time.
  • Hardware includes highly reliable Stratus servers with 99.999% uptime. Every piece of data (including garage configuration, location, and identity of every car, etc.) and every command are stored on two redundant servers in real time. If one server fails, the second, redundant server automatically takes over with no interruption of service (“hot swappable”).
  • CCTV system with 24 x 7 video monitoring and video access for safety.

Approvals and Design Codes:

  • Complies with NFPA-88a fire codes for automated parking systems.
  • Conforms to NPA guidelines for automated vehicle parking system design.
  • Complies with IBC Special Industrial Occupancies.
  • Electrical panels are UL/ETL certified.
  • Complies to ISO 9000:2015 Quality Standard.
  • System complies with ASME: B30.13 code.
For more information about how our automated vehicle parking system could benefit your project, follow the link below. Our experts provide initial automated parking designs at no cost and no risk to architects and developers working on projects.